County of eastern England
2. Brand of automobile produced in
Detroit from 1918-1932
Common clues: English county; County on
the Thames; Suffolk neighbor; Chelmford's county; Devereux's
earldom; Colchester's county; Antique auto; Reo rival; Old Hudson
5 times a year
in English language:
3881 / 86800
is a county in the East of England. It borders Greater London to
the south west, Hertfordshire by the River Stort to the west,
Cambridgeshire and Suffolk by the River Stour to the north and
Kent by the River Thames to the south.
county town is Chelmsford and the highest point of the county is
Chrishall Common near the village of Langley near the
Hertfordshire border, which reaches 147m/482ft.
derives from the Kingdom of Essex or Kingdom
of the East Seaxe
which was founded around 500 AD, occupying territory to the north
of the River Thames and east of the River Lee.
Because of its
proximity to London and the economic magnetism which that city
exerts, many of Essex's settlements function as dormitory towns
or villages where London workers raise their families. Essex is
known for being the origin of the political term Essex man.
pattern of settlement in the county is diverse. The London Green
Belt has effectively prevented of the further sprawl of the
metropolis into the County, although it contains the new towns of
Basildon and Harlow, originally developed to resettle Londoners
following the destruction of London housing in World War II but
since much expanded. Part of the south east of the county,
already containing the major population centres of Southend and
Thurrock, is within the Thames Gateway and designated for further
development. To the north of the Green Belt, with the exception
of major towns such as Chelmsford, the county is rural, with many
small towns, villages and hamlets largely built in the
traditional materials of timber and brick, with clay tile or
thatched roofs. Colchester in the north east of the county is
Britain's oldest recorded town, dating back to Roman times, and
has a rich history.
1998 the districts of Southend-on-Sea (pop. 160,300) and Thurrock
(pop. 143,000) separated from the county of Essex becoming
unitary authority areas.
Essex was a brand of automobile produced by the Essex Motor
Company from 1918–1922 and Hudson Motor Company of Detroit,
Michigan between 1922 and 1932.
Essex enjoyed immediate popularity following its 1919
introduction. More than 1.13 million Essex automobiles were sold
by the time the Essex name was retired in 1932 and replaced by
its production run, the Essex was considered a small car and
affordably priced. The Essex is generally credited with starting
the trends away from open Touring cars toward enclosed passenger
compartments as the rule, not the exception.
the Essex was to be a product of the "Essex Motor Company"
which actually was a wholly owned entity of Hudson's. Essex
Motors went to so far as to lease the Studebaker auto factory in
Detroit for production of the car. By 1922 the Essex Motor
Company was dissolved and the Essex officially became what it was
all along, a product of Hudson.
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