city of west-central Germany
industrial city; City on the Ruhr; German iron center; Krupp
family home; Big Bertha's birthplace; Pittsburgh of the Ruhr;
City north of Cologne
7 times a year
in English language:
41900 / 86800
is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on
the Ruhr river, there being the second largest city of the Ruhr
area and the 8th largest city of Germany. Population: 586,205 (as
its size, the city is not as well-known as other cities of
comparable size. Essen was an insignificant agricultural town
until the 19th century, although founded as early as about 845.
The mining of coal and ore led to the growth of the city and the
entire Ruhr area. Essen is the home of the Krupp family; the
family established steel production in Essen in 1811. After
having undergone major economic changes after the Second World
War, Essen is now home to a high-class college of art, many
industrial sights (Zeche Zollverein) and a major collection of
art (Folkwang Museum).
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article "Essen, Germany"