Muse of lyric and love poetry
of poetry; Muse with a lyre; Poet's inspiration; Sappho's muse;
Sister of Clio; Sister of Calliope; Daughter of Zeus; Lyric muse;
One of nine sisters
once a month
in English language:
50552 / 86800
(passionate) was the Greek Muse of lyric and love poetry. She
was the most famous of the Muses. She is usually depicted
holding a lyre and wearing a crown of roses.
Greek mythology, the Muses (Greek Μουσαι,
are nine archaic goddesses who embody the right evocation of
myth, inspired through remembered and improvised song and
traditional music and dances.
They were water nymphs, associated with the springs of Helicon
and Pieris. The Olympian system set Apollo as their leader,
to Hesiod's Theogony,
they are the daughters of Zeus, king of the gods, and Mnemosyne,
goddess of memory. For Alcman and Mimnermus, they were even more
primordial, springing from Uranus and Gaia.
the Roman inspiring nymphs of springs, the Camenae.
to Pausanias there were three original Muses: Aoide ("song",
"voice"), Melete ("practice" or "occasion")
and Mneme ("memory") (Paus. 9.29.1). Together, they
form the complete picture of the preconditions of poetic art in
canonical nine Muses are:
they form a complete picture of the subjects proper to poetic art
in the archaic period. However, the association of specific muses
with specific art forms is a later innovation, and has been
Roman, Renaissance and Neoclassical art, Muses depicted in
sculptures or paintings are often distinguished by certain props
or poses, as emblems. Euterpe (music) carries a flute; Calliope
(epic poetry) carries a writing tablet; Clio (history) carries a
scroll and books; Erato (lyric poetry) is often seen with a lyre
and a crown of roses; Melpomene (tragedy) is often seen with a
tragic mask; Polyhymnia (sacred poetry) is often seen with a
pensive expression; Terpsichore (dancing) is often seen dancing
and carrying a lyre; Thalia (comedy) is often seen with a comic
mask; and Urania (astronomy) carries a staff pointed at a
The muses are
typically invoked at or near the beginning of an epic poem or
story. They have served as aid to an author, or as the true
speaker for which an author is only a mouthpiece. Originally the
invocation of the Muse was an indication that the speaker was
working inside the poetic tradition, according to the established
classic examples: Homer, Book I of the Odyssey:
me, O Muse, of that ingenious hero
travelled far and wide
he had sacked the famous town of Troy."
And Dante Alighieri, in Canto II of the Inferno:
Muses, o high genious, aid me now!
memory that noted what I saw,
shall your true nobility be seen!
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