Common clues: Swiss painter Paul; “Twittering
Machine” artist; "The
Mocker Mocked" painter; "Red Balloon" artist,
Swiss abstractionist; Surrealist Paul
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Klee - Paintings
drawing is simply a line going for a walk ~
Klee (December 18, 1879 – June 29, 1940) was a Swiss
was born in Münchenbuchsee (near Bern) of Switzerland into a
musical family - his father, Hans Klee, taught music at the
Hofwil Teacher Seminar near Berne. In his early years, Paul
wanted to be a musician, but decided on the visual arts in his
teen years. He studied art in Munich with Heinrich Knirr and
Franz von Stuck. After travelling to Italy and then back to Bern,
he settled in Munich, where he met Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc
and other avant-garde figures, and became associated with the
Blaue Reiter. Here he met Bavarian pianist Lily Stumpf, whom he
married; they had one son.
1914, he visited Tunisia and was impressed by the quality of the
light there, writing "Color has taken possession of me; no
longer do I have to chase after it, I know that it has hold of me
forever ... Color and I are one. I am a painter."
worked with many different types of media - oil paint,
watercolor, ink and more. He often combined them into one work.
He has been variously associated with expressionism, cubism and
surrealism but his pictures are difficult to classify. They often
have a fragile child-like quality to them, and are usually on a
small scale. They frequently allude to poetry, music and dreams
and sometimes include words or musical notation. The later works
are distinguished by spidery hieroglyph-like symbols. His better
known works include Southern (Tunisian) Gardens (1919), Ad
Parnassum (1932) and Embrace (1939).
World War I, in which he fought as part of the imperial German
army, Klee taught at the Bauhaus, and from 1931 at the Düsseldorf
Academy, before being denounced by the Nazi Party for producing
1933, Paul Klee returned to Switzerland; in 1935 he was diagnosed
with scleroderma. The progression of his disease can be followed
through the art he created in his last years.
died in Bern in 1940.
a painting by Paul Klee can sell for as much as US$7.5 million.
museum dedicated to Paul Klee was built in Bern, Switzerland, by
the Italian architect Renzo Piano. It opened in June 2005. It
houses a collection of about 4000 art works by Paul Klee. Around
200 pieces of art are on display.
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